Hyperesthesia – Sensitivity Disorder: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment


Hyperesthesia can be known as a rare sensitivity disorder in which the affected person has a greater sensation of all the senses.

Sensitivity can occur in vision, smell, hearing and touch. Hyperesthesia includes a comprehensive sensitivity disorder that includes tactile sensitivity, auditory sensitivity, visual sensitivity, and sensitivity to smell.

The hyperesthesia is resolved in a few hours and the patient is recommended to rest completely in a quiet place.

The external stimulus may or may not be present in some cases, but even so the patient would feel more sensitive.

The nerves involved are stimulated to a large extent causing hypersensitivity. Stimulation occurs in the brain and spinal cord in the region of the cortex and spinal cord.

The treatment is based on the underlying cause. The patient must get rid of stress and practice yoga techniques to prevent repeated episodes of hyperesthesia.

Anticonvulsant medications and anti-anxiety medications can help overcome symptoms.

Causes of hyperesthesia

  • A cause can not be attributed to hyperesthesia. Sometimes, the external stimulus may be the original cause and at other times it may not be.
  • Drinking too much alcohol or coffee can cause an overstimulation of the nervous system.
  • Some experts believe that this phenomenon occurs as a result of overstimulation of the brain region and the cortex of the spinal cord.
  • The stimulation of the brain can cause a greater sensitivity during a short period.
  • Tactile sensitivity is related to skin rashes or herpes zoster, which is a viral infection. For some people, an increase in the level of sugar in the blood can cause peripheral neuropathy and damage the nerves.
  • Nerves are partially or completely altered in patients with radiculopathy that causes sensory stimulation.
  • Children with autism can develop tactile sensitivity in due time.


  • Increased sensitivity is the common symptom of hyperesthesia. It may be sensitivity to touch, hearing or vision or sensitivity to smell as the case may be.
  • Signs and symptoms vary from one person to another. In the same way, some people respond in a particular way to the specific stimulus in an increase of the arousal of the senses.
  • It can cause severe pain when the nerves are activated in tactile sensitivity. You hear loud noises that leave a big impact on the brain when in reality there is no such noise.
  • People with sensitivity to smell can smell and report the type of smell in the absence of such a stimulus.
  • For some people, it can affect the nervous system and cause seizures and inflammation of the nerves.


There is no concrete evidence to diagnose hyperesthesia. Your doctor will hear the symptoms and request an appropriate test to identify the cause of the nerve pain.

I would also ask if you are drinking alcohol regularly and in what volume. Hemoculture should be done to evaluate blood sugar levels and vitamins.

Imaging tests such as X-rays and MRI scans are performed to analyze the root cause of the problem in the brain. The nerve conduction test can also be performed to verify the function of the nervous system.


  • The affected person may be tense and anxious due to increased sensitivity. You should calm down and take it to a separate room and make sure everything will be fine in a few hours.
  • It is recommended to practice specific breathing exercises to relieve anxiety and stress. It also helps restore oxygen levels in the body.
  • In case of moderate to severe pain due to hyperesthesia, physiotherapy may be useful.
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy is highly effective in reducing the adverse responses caused by the stimulus and relaxation techniques will help keep the person calm.
  • The underlying problem in the brain and spinal cord must be evaluated and the treatment administered accordingly.
  • Anticonvulsant medications are administered to epileptic patients and anti-anxiety pills are prescribed to avoid reliving fear and anxiety.
  • The patient should take a balanced diet with rich antioxidants.

Tips for the prevention of Hyperesthesia

  • Stop drinking, if it is not possible, reduce your alcohol consumption considerably.
  • Practice yoga and meditation regularly.